When being pregnant, pregnant mothers should be equipped with all the basic knowledge of pregnancy to have a healthy pregnancy.
1. A healthy diet in pregnancy
During pregnancy, an excess of protein/starch but a lack of nutrients can easily occur, especially when mothers set a top criteria of “having a feeling of fullness”. Pregnant women should add enough 4 groups of nutrients such starch, sugar, protein and vitamins during pregnancy.
Pregnant women should have a lot of small meals to limit energy into the body. On average, each day you should only add about 300-400 calories, depending on the pregnancy stage and your weight before pregnancy. Mothers should drink enough water and avoid foods that are harmful to pregnant mothers.
In the absence of additional nutrients through food every day, you should talk to your doctor for vitamin supplements. However, you should not arbitrarily take vitamins. A lack or an excess of vitamins can cause serious effects on the health of mother and baby.
2. Prevent and treat complications during pregnancy
Not all the pregnant mothers also a smooth 9-month pregnancy period. Learning about some basic knowledge will help pregnant mothers to respond to some unexpected complications during pregnancy.
– Low-gripped placenta: Only 5% of pregnant women experience this condition. To avoid excessive bleeding, doctors will conduct an ultrasound and determine whether you should have a caesarean section for safety.
– Gestational diabetes: On the 24th -28th week of pregnancy, about 3-8% of pregnant women have excessively higher blood sugar levels than regulated. Typically, gestational diabetes will automatically go away when pregnancy ends. Mothers need to pay special attention to their diet, to avoid sweet or highly sugar foods. In some cases, when the body does not produce enough insulin, your doctor can prescribe for you to get additional injections.
– Preeclampsia: 10% of pregnant women are affected by pre-eclampsia during her pregnancy. In particular, women with a history of high blood pressure are at high risk of pre-eclampsia. Caesarean section is considered in the cases of pre-eclampsia.
– Lack of amniotic fluid: In the different periods of pregnancy, 4% of pregnant women suffer from lack of amniotic fluid. If so, pregnant mothers should be monitored carefully to ensure that your baby can still develop normally.
3. Sex during pregnancy
During pregnancy, if the pregnancy is normal and stable, sex will be completely safe and will not affect the baby.
In the intercourse throughout the whole normal pregnancy, the husband’s penis will not touch the fetus; his semen can’t go into the uterus because the cervix has a thick and viscous mucous membrane which can prevent bacteria and semen. When there is extreme pleasure, there will be many uterine contractions and the fetus also moves more powerfully without any harm.
On the other hand, if having sex properly also brings comfort and happiness to both your spouses. However, to ensure the safety of the baby during this time, the dad-to-be should not have strong actions and should avoid pressure on the belly and should not have sex for a long time.
Having sex close to the last pregnancy period also helps women become easier on labor. But in this stage, when having sex, the dad-to-be should not stimulate the chest of pregnant partner because it can cause more uterine contractions, leading to miscarriage and preterm labor.
4. Do exercise during pregnancy
In addition to helping you increase your energy, doing gentle exercise also provides the following benefits:
- Relieve nasty diseases such as constipation, cramps and back pain
- Help you to become stronger and perform daily tasks more easily
- Help you sleep better
- Reduce stress and reverse painful emotions during pregnancy
- Help you feel fresh and comfortable
- Give you an opportunity to take part in exchanges with other mums
- Help you get in shape faster after birth
- Prepare well for giving birth
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5. Notes of health problems
With less resistance than usual, pregnant women become the objects of many viruses.
Sickness during pregnancy not only affects the health of mothers but can cause serious complications for babies if not treated appropriately. Pregnant women should not arbitrarily use any medication without their doctor’s permission. Ideally, to avoid the adverse effects of some diseases, pregnant mothers should be fully vaccinated before pregnancy.
Hormonal changes during pregnancy can cause inflammation and itches for your genitals. This is normal and you do not need to feel shy, so you should talk with your doctor for early treatments. If not treated appropriately, infection during pregnancy can reasonably cause urinary tract infection, stillbirth, premature birth, and even neonatal infections with high mortality rates.
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