5 standard rules for the iron supplements during pregnancy

5 standard rules for the iron supplements during pregnancy

Unlike the disengaged time, for pregnant women there is some certain rules should be follow in the iron supplementation. The reason here is beside the mother’s health, the development of the fetus can also be somehow affected.

Not only involved in the formation of red blood cells, iron plays an important role in the process of constituting the enzyme in the immune system, enhancing the body’s resistance. For normal people, iron deficiency can cause anemia, fatigue, but for pregnant women, it can affect the development of the fetus, increasing the risk of preterm birth and fetal growth retardation.

How to supplementing iron for pregnant women? And which thing we need to have in mind? The following article will help the pregnantto equip with the most essential information.

1. Iron supplementation for pregnant: How much is enough?

As recommended by nutrition experts, to maintain a healthy pregnancy, pregnant should supplement at least 27 mg of iron per day and no more than 45 mg of iron during 9 “heavily” months.The excess of iron can cause constipation during pregnancy to become more aggravated or even vomiting or diarrhea. The fastest way to tackle with the iron overdose is to drink more water to quickly excrete iron out or to eat more fiber to prevent constipation.

2. How to supplement iron?

Natural food isthe safest and the most various iron source for pregnant women. When eating the daily food, pregnant women also get not only iron but alsoan amount of important vitamins and minerals to the body. For example, eating oranges helps to implement for the pregnant iron, vitamin C and geta significant amount of calcium.

However, iron is so volatile during processing that the doctor should prescribe iron supplements to ensure daily needs. With a relatively high iron content, the iron medicine may cause some side effects, popularly the constipation. Some other mother may suffer from heartburn, abdominal discomfort, vomiting and diarrhea. According to the side effects, you can change the time of oral iron supplementation to minimize the risk of discomfort. For example, if you suffer from heartburn, avoid drinking gourd iron bedtime. However, if oral iron causes nausea, “recharge” mineral nutrientsbefore going to bed because it will be the perfect time in this case.

5 rules to remember when iron supplementation for pregnant women

  • Do not using along with calcium: Despite being the 2 important factors in the nutrition menu for pregnant women, the iron and calcium are2 opponents. So no one should take iron election with milk or eat foods rich in iron while calcium supplements.
  • Do not drink iron with the tea and coffee: Like calcium, caffeine in tea and coffee will quickly “evaporate” the iron.
  • Drink iron with orange juice, lemon juice or vitamin C rich water: If calcium limits the ability of the body’s iron absorption, vitamin C can enhance iron absorption. Not only drinking with the supplement, you also should drink vitamin C while eating the iron-rich vegetablesto increase the absorption.
  • Compared with the plant, animal iron is easier to be absorbed. However, pregnant women should limit eating animal liver. Because apart from iron, vitamin A with active form in the liver of animals is quite high which may cause birth defects.
  • Cooking with cast-iron pot or pan will restrain the “loss” of iron from food.

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