Unlike the disengaged time, for pregnant women there is some certain rules should be follow in the iron supplementation. The reason here is beside the mother’s health, the development of the fetus can also be somehow affected.
Not only involved in the formation of red blood cells, iron plays an important role in the process of constituting the enzyme in the immune system, enhancing the body’s resistance. For normal people, iron deficiency can cause anemia, fatigue, but for pregnant women, it can affect the development of the fetus, increasing the risk of preterm birth and fetal growth retardation.
How to supplementing iron for pregnant women? And which thing we need to have in mind? The following article will help the pregnantto equip with the most essential information.
1. Iron supplementation for pregnant: How much is enough?
As recommended by nutrition experts, to maintain a healthy pregnancy, pregnant should supplement at least 27 mg of iron per day and no more than 45 mg of iron during 9 “heavily” months.The excess of iron can cause constipation during pregnancy to become more aggravated or even vomiting or diarrhea. The fastest way to tackle with the iron overdose is to drink more water to quickly excrete iron out or to eat more fiber to prevent constipation.
2. How to supplement iron?
Natural food isthe safest and the most various iron source for pregnant women. When eating the daily food, pregnant women also get not only iron but alsoan amount of important vitamins and minerals to the body. For example, eating oranges helps to implement for the pregnant iron, vitamin C and geta significant amount of calcium.
However, iron is so volatile during processing that the doctor should prescribe iron supplements to ensure daily needs. With a relatively high iron content, the iron medicine may cause some side effects, popularly the constipation. Some other mother may suffer from heartburn, abdominal discomfort, vomiting and diarrhea. According to the side effects, you can change the time of oral iron supplementation to minimize the risk of discomfort. For example, if you suffer from heartburn, avoid drinking gourd iron bedtime. However, if oral iron causes nausea, “recharge” mineral nutrientsbefore going to bed because it will be the perfect time in this case.